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Our name-giving

 

Béla Bartók

 

(Marc. 25 th.1881 –
September.26th.1945)

 
Béla Bartók was related to Csorvás by his grandfather, who was an officer in Bratislava, and had more children. Grandfather’s oldest son, Voit Lajos, studied together with Earl Géza Wenckheim in the Economic College in Magyaróvár. Earl liked Lajos very much, so he invited him to visit Hungary. Lajos was a teacher, after that as an administrator in the mansion. The Voit’s moved into Csorvás, after the death of the householder in Bratislava. Lajos Voit’s mother was buried in the catholic cemetery in Csorvás. Voit Paulina, who was Lajos’s sister, got married to Béla Bartók (who was Nagyszentmiklós school director) in Csorvás catholic church on the 5th of April 1880.Their son, Béla, was born on the 25th of March 1881 in Nagyszentmiklós, in Torontal country. ( today Sinnicolau Mare, Romanien) Béla Bartók junior learnt to play piano from his mother. The householder died in 1888, and his mother raised him and his younger sister alone. She was a school teacher  and gave piano lessons as well.Béla Bartók had his first performance in Nagyszőlös, in 1892. After that he began his musical study in Pozsony, at László Erkel. After the school-leaving exam, he continued his study in Zeneakadémia, in Budapest, at János Koessler and István Thomán. He moved in Merán, Italy, for few months, where the climate was very good for his health. He got acquainted with Richard Strauss’s works in that period.Bartók was invited to some cities across Europe from Vienna to Berlin to throw concerts. In the meantime, he composed the Kossuth-symphony, which was published in 1904. He composed a lot, (Rhapsody, 1. Szvit, 2. Szvit ) and he went to Békés country to gather some folklore songs. His friends and relatives welcomed him with great love here. He had a lot of concerts in different countries (France, Spain, Portugal, North Africa and Italy) and after that he collected the Hungarian and Slovakian folklore songs regularly. He published the „ Hungarian folklore songs” in association with Zoltán Kodály.
Bartók was appointed as a teacher at Zeneakadémia in 1907. He continued composing and collecting folklore songs. He composed the 1.vonósnégyes, and he started to collect the Romanian folklore songs. He got married to Márta Ziegler, and his first son, Béla, was born after a year.
Kodály and Bartók created the new Hungarian Music-Syndicate in association with other young musician, because they wanted to enrich the standards of Hungarian Musical Culture.
Bartók collected folklore song of Arabic people in North-Africa too, and he was in Biskra, in 1913. He wanted to visit Italy, but he could not go because of the WWI.
Bartók continue composing during the war: 2. Vonósnégyes, Szvit, songs and danceplayer. „A fából faragott királyfi” was published on the 12th of May 1917, and „A kékszakállú herceg vára” one year later, on the 24th of May. Afterthat he began to compose the „A csodálatos mandarin”. He had some very difficult years, and he worked together with Kodály. They created their common opus, the „Erdélyi Magyarság” which was a folklore song collection, which was finished in 1921. Bartók raveled between different countries and he got married to his second wife, with Ditta Pásztory. „Psalmus Hungaricus” and „Táncszvit” were both published in 1923. His second son, Péter, was born in 1924, and he got an award from the Romanian king in the same year.„A csodálatos mandarin” was very successful in Prague on the 19th of February 1927.Bartók vistied USA for the first time by the end of 1927. He also visited the Sovjet Union and Switzerland, and he made the 3. and 4. vonósnégyes. Afterthat he composed the „Cantata Profana” in 1930. On his fiftieth birthday, Béla Bartók got the french legion of honor and the Hungarian Corvin-girdle. He wrote an essay in 1934, which had the following title: „Our and neighbors’ folklore song and musicr”. He made a speech in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and wrote a new essay titled: „Why and how can we collect the folklore songs?”, Bartók composed the „Zene húros hangszerekre, ütőkre és cselesztára” and he collected the folklore songs in Turkey. Because of the war and his mother’s death, he decided to leave Europe with his wife. They took a ship in 1940, and moved to the USA. But the life was not the same there, and they had many living problems. Bartók got ill, and he was under therapy always. Sometimes, when he got well, he composed the „Concerto”, what was published in December, 1944. His health got worst suddenly in 1945, and he died on the 26th of September 1945. Bartók’s ashes was brought to Hungary and placed in Farkasréti cemetery on July.07th.1988.
 
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